No one imagined on May 17, when the Senate definitively approved the housing law, that it would be the last major economic discipline of the legislature. Just ten days later, the immediate dissolution of the Cortes Generales, with the calling of general elections for next July 23, marks an abrupt end to the economic roadmap that the coalition government had outlined between now and the end of the year. Among the most significant measures is the second part of the pension reform, the royal decree of which is already in force, but the Government had started an extraordinary process to introduce changes and improvements. The creation of the Financial Client Authority, recently passed in the Senate, aid for drought or the Law on the Social Economy remain in the air.
In total, up to 62 different initiatives could be affected in different parliamentary procedures or announced by the forthcoming government. Norms such as Family Law or those of Equality or Equality, but, above all, laws and measures closely linked to the economy.
Pensions. As for the pension reform, the second part of which was approved by decree by the Council of Ministers and had the support of the trade unions and the clear rejection of the employers, it is continuing as planned, with a series of changes which strengthen the income of the system and others that improve the lowest pensions and those of workers with more irregular careers, according to what was highlighted at the time by the Government.
This implies, for the worker or future retiree, an extension of the calculation period for the calculation of the regulatory basis, which determines the amount of each worker’s pension.
This decree passed to Congress on May 18, when its invocation was approved and, therefore, the possibility of introducing amendments and modifications opened up. Now, the text of the decree remains unchanged.
Authority for Financial Clients. As for this bill, it was also approved this month in the plenary session of Congress with a good majority and was sent to the Upper House to finish its processing. The law had generated a new confrontation between the government and the banking sector, since until that day when it left Carrera de San Jerónimo, a fee of 250 euros was incorporated that the banks had to pay each time the customer filed a complaint . .
Finally, this novelty came from the articles of a law with which the Government intended to strengthen the protection of users vis-à-vis financial institutions. According to Europa Press, the Secretary of State for the Economy, Gonzalo García Andrés, went so far as to say that this body was “much anticipated” and had involved “a lot of work” with various ministries, industry and customer associations financial.
Sustainable Mobility, Public Administration and Transport Accident Agency. They are not the only victims in the middle of a trial. In the economic sphere, the Law on Sustainable Mobility, the Public Function and the creation of an investigation body on railway, air and naval accidents and incidents remain in the air; that it has already received the statutory amendments of the groups for their parliamentary elaboration.
Anti-crisis decrees, home service and self-employed workers. In the same case as the definitive pension reform, the anti-crisis decrees, the +Seguridad plan for your energy, the improvement of working conditions for workers at the service of the house and a new contribution system for the self-employed remain. It should also be remembered that the Government has planned to approve the Industry Law “immediately” in the Council of Ministers for its subsequent passage to the Chamber.
State of the artist. Even more immediate, because included on the same agenda as the House for this week, the plenary session planned to address the opinion expressed by the commission and the amendments that would be presented to the bill regulating higher education in the arts on Thursday and the organization and equivalences of professional arts education are established.
Measures against drought and heat. Also scheduled for Thursday was the debate on the validation or repeal of Royal Decree Law 4/2023, of May 11, with which urgent measures are taken in agricultural and water matters in response to the drought and the worsening conditions in the sector resulting from the war in Ukraine and weather conditions, as well as promoting the use of collective land transport by young people and the prevention of occupational risks in case of high temperatures. Naturally, this decree could be validated by the Permanent Deputation if necessary.
Social economy law. Lastly, on Thursday, the request to challenge the draft law amending Law 5/2011, dated 29 March, on the Social Economy would have been voted on. The idea was to discuss the text in plenary once it had been approved by the relevant committee.
Justice. In the context of the Ministry of Justice, the electoral advance also leaves the three laws contemplated in the Justice 2030 project in limbo. This is the Law of Organizational Efficiency, aimed at responding to the organisational, procedural and structural needs of the Administration of Justice, which did not receive the approval of officials, understanding that they take away his rights. Indeed, one of the main requests of this group, which is in the midst of an indefinite strike, is that this third rule is not elaborated in the Congress of Deputies.
Commercial companies and consumer law. Nor will the reform of the Law on structural changes to commercial companies, the draft of which, which implements a European directive on cross-border transformations, mergers and divisions of companies, be approved by the Council of Ministers last February; nor the law on representation actions for the protection of the collective interests of consumers.
All this, in terms of parliamentary or legislative activity. In its latest assessment of government action, offered at the end of 2022 (the next one was at the end of this semester), Moncloa said it had made 1,513 commitments (32 last year), of which 66.8% were already been respected. .
As regards the total of 239 commitments acquired by the president in his investiture speech before the Cortes Generales, the degree of fulfillment exceeds 73%, with a forecast for this six-month period that was expected to reach 80%.
Of the 428 commitments of the Progressive Coalition Agreement, as of December 2022, 68.9% of the commitments signed had already been respected, with a forecast that should exceed 75% for this month of June 2023.